Money is a commodity besides medium of exchange and store of value. Therefore, it can be sold at a price higher than its face value and it can also be rented out.
Money is not a commodity though it is used as a medium of exchange and store of value. Therefore, it cannot be sold at a price higher than its face value or rented out.
Time value is the basis for charging interest on capital.
Profit on trade of goods or charging on providing service is the basis for earning profit.
Interest is charged even in case the organization suffers losses by using bank’s funds. Therefore, it is not based on profit and loss sharing.
Islamic bank operates on the basis of profit and loss sharing. In case, the businessman has suffered losses, the bank will share these losses based on the mode of finance used (Mudarabah, Musharakah).
While disbursing cash finance, running finance or working capital finance, no agreement for exchange of goods & services is made.
The execution of agreements for the exchange of goods & services is a must, while disbursing funds under Murabaha, Salam & Istisna contracts.
Conventional banks use money as a commodity which leads to inflation.
Islamic banking tends to create link with the real sectors of the economic system by using trade related activities. Since, the money is linked with the real assets therefore it contributes directly in the economic development.
Under conventional mortgage, in order to purchase a property the customer borrows money and repays it with an additional amount over a period of time. The additional amount is the amount of interest which is against the Shariah rulings of Islam. Under Islamic mortgage finance facility, Islamic bank shares with the customer in purchasing his desired property. Accordingly, the customer and the bank become the joint owners of the property in proportion to their share in purchasing the property. In order to own and use the entire property, the customer purchases the share of bank’s property over a period of time and also pays the rent for using the bank’s share of the property. Over a period of time, the customer manages to purchase the entire share of bank in the property. Ultimately, the customer becomes the sole owner. Further, in case of Islamic mortgage finance, the rent will be charged after the lessee has taken delivery of the property and it is in workable/usable condition. Rent cannot be charged from the day the price was paid to acquire the property/asset. If the supplier has delayed the delivery after receiving the full price, the lessee should not be liable for the rent of the period of delay. In case of conventional mortgage finance, normally the lease rentals starts from the date the bank make payment for purchasing the property/asset.